In the 1700s there was the Pontiac Rebellion school massacre on 26 July 1764.
Four Lenape American Indians entered the school in Greencastle, PA (Present day). They shot and Killed nine to ten children and only 2 survived.
Next in our history that I would like to mention is a horrible act against not only mankind but children who are so innocent in life.
|Andrew Philip Kehoe|
His mother Mary McGovern died in 1890 and his father Philip Kehoe re-married. Andrew didn't like her very much and reportedly, Kehoe often argued with his stepmother. When Kehoe was 14 the family's stove exploded as she was attempting to light it. The oil fuel soaked her, and she caught fire. He watched his stepmother burn for a few moments before throwing water from a bucket on her; due to the oil-based nature of the fire, the water exacerbated the flames. She later died from her injuries. Allegations were made that the stove had been tampered with.
|Bath Consolidated School|
The school was in session that warm Spring day
Bath Consolidated School after the bombing.
|Andrew Kehoe's car|
Andrew and Nellie Kahoe's house before the disaster.
This was Kehoe's home before it was destroyed by him. This house was finished in oak
throughout and was equipped with a furnace; lighting plant, and pressure tanks that
furnished hard and soft water on all three floors
The location of Nellie Kehoe's body was found.
Where Mrs. Kehoe's charred body was found the morning following the catastrophe.
Thousands of people passed by it on the previous day, but not thinking of finding
her in any such place, lay there unnoticed.
Always an abusive man, he sank even further into madness and brutally killed Nellie at their home. He left her body in a wheelbarrow by a shed. He then killed all of his animals and blew up his house and barn shortly before the bomb he'd planted at the school went off.
|The remains of his house after he blew it up|
He never attracted much attention around the neighborhood. There was something about him that no matter how good a friend you thought you were of him, there always seemed to be a distant feeling. He would give you a straight answer with no explanation. I was talking with Mr. Kehoe during farmers' week at the Michigan State College, East Lansing, in February, 1926. While I was talking with him I asked him if he was going over to the college. He said, "No, they would just tell the farmers a lot of things that were impossible to do." He said, "last night I was listening over my radio to a speaker who started in by telling what colleges he had been to and what countries he had been in. I shut that off and went to the telephone and called the college and asked them what in h--- they wanted of a speaker who would just get up and brag about himself. That's the last time I am going to listen to them this week." I was talking with Kehoe early this spring, in 1927. The snow was off the ground and it was freezing nights and thawing day times. I said, "This is not very good wheat weather." He said, "No, and I am glad of it. The farmers ought not to raise any more wheat until the country needed it badly. The d--- fool farmers will never be any better off than they are now because if they do raise anything they will brag about it to everyone else." He also said that it would be like the d--- fool up in northern Michigan that raised an extra big crop of potatoes last year and then came down to the college at East Lansing during farmers' week and told the world how he done it, so everybody would know as much about it as he did.
Virginia Blanche Richardson was eleven years old and in the fifth grade. She was in the school at the time and fell from the second floor. When asked about the tragedy, she says everything went into the air and she put her arms over her face. She looked for the door and not being able to find it, saw a light and went out through the wall which had been blown away.
Before the explosion she met her brother on the stairs as she was going up and they smiled at each other. That was the last time she saw him alive.
The other sister, Martha Harriette, a nine year old, was in the fourth grade. She thought she fell out of her seat. Martha tried to call to her teacher, Miss Weatherby, who was killed, but found she could not speak, finally, her speech came to her and she called to her daddy.
Three stitches were taken in her chin. Her instep on one foot was cut to the heel, the other leg was bruised and raked.
INIA and MARTHA RICHARDSON, (Back row) RICHARD and their mother, MRS. GUY RICHARDSON
Carlyle Walter Geisenhaver was born December 28, 1917.
He was in the fourth grade. Carlyle was very good in school and his report card always had high marks on it.
His idea was to become a farmer. He dragged for his father and milked one cow and weighed the milk night and morning. Carlyle planned on having a nice garden this summer. He had already purchased his seed. He planned on going fishing this summer if he kept the weeds out of his garden. Carlyle always planned to have his work done first.
Cleo Claton, an eight year old in the second grade, lived with his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Gibbs, near Park lake. His mother died when he was about one year old.
Cleo was not hurt in the school blast, but was killed when Kehoe blew his car up in the street. A large bolt ripped his stomach open and his back and spine were hurt. He was conscious until the very end and lived about seven hours.
Burial was at Dimondale, Michigan.
Earl Edwin Ewing, eleven years old, was born in Climax, Michigan, where his father was a storekeeper at the time, later selling out and moving to Ovid, where Earl started school and went for one year. Then his parents moved to Bath where Earl went to school. He was in the sixth grade at the time of his death. He was always a good boy to work.
Floyd Edwin Burnett, aged eleven, was born on the Anna Hall farm, July 11, 1915.
He was in the sixth grade and his standings were always good. He was a great boy for baseball and it was said that he was one of the best players of his age in the school.
Floyd was a good boy to work at home. He already helped with the milking and other chores. Floyd is survived by his father, Mr. George Burnett, five sisters and three brothers.
He is buried in the Bath cemetery beside his mother, who died several years ago.
Francis Otto Hoppener, thirteen years of age, was born in Okemos, Ingham county. He was in the sixth grade.
He was a great boy for machinery and seemed like a natural born mechanic. He could fix nearly any of the tools that went wrong on the farm.
Besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Otto Hoppener, he leaves a brother and a sister at home.
Interment was at Okemos, Michigan.
These children were both born in Muskegon, Michigan. Their folks moved to Bath about a year ago.
Lloyd's desire was to become a floriculturist. He spent much time practicing on his violin.
Vida Marie Zimmerman, who is shown in the picture, was a scholar of the Bath school, but was at home sick the day of the explosion.
Lloyd and Orval are buried at Mt. Rest cemetery at St. Johns, Michigan.
Glenn O. Smith was born in Bath township, May 18, 1894. He began his education in Bath school district number nine and later graduated from Bath High School. He went to Michigan State College for one year and he also went one year to the Ferris Institute. After finishing school, he worked in Detroit and Chicago.
He then returned to Bath and married Miss Ester McFarren. One child was born to them, Betty Marie, born February 27, 1921, and died December 28, 1924. This was a terrible shock to both of them.
They worked her father's farm in Bath township until 1920 when he was appointed postmaster.
Glenn was well liked and noted for his honesty. Because of his courage, he often put himself in danger to help other people. He worked faithfully in the wreckage trying to get children out until he became faint and realized that he would have to get some fresh air. He went out to the sidewalk and he was with his father-in-law, Nelson McFarren, and Mr. Huyck, the superintendent, when Kehoe blew his car up in the street.
Glenn's right leg was blown nearly off at the thigh and his left leg had a terrible cut above the ankle. He was still conscious when help reached him. As the men bound his leg with a belt furnished by some one in the crowd, he nformed them when it was tight enough. He must have been hurt internally. The ambulances began to arrive about that time and they rushed him to the hospital. He commenced sinking and he died about the time they reached the hospital.
He leaves besides his many friends a heart-broken wife, two brothers and two sisters. Interment was in Bath cemetery.
His father was a mechanic at the state garage at Lansing. Mr. Woodman promised Harold that next year he would buy him an old car and let him take it apart and then he would show him how to put it back together again.
He leaves his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Harold Woodman, one brother, Wallace and one sister, about age three.
Burial was in the Bath cemetery.
Henry Bergan was born in Livingston county near Howell, Michigan. He was fourteen years old and in the sixth grade. He was a born horticulturist and he had a nice garden every year. It was hard for his father to get him to do other farm work. Henry thought a great deal of his school.
Herman Bergan, eleven years old, was in the fourth grade.
He worked with his brother in the garden, but was more his mother's boy, seeing that she always had wood and water in the house. When she fed the chickens he was always on hand so that she would not have to climb up in the corn crib. He told her that he was younger and could do it easier.
These boys left their broken-hearted father and mother, and one older brother. They are buried at Okemos, Michigan.
Iola Irene Hart, born June 19, 1914, was in the sixth grade. Her plans for the future was to become a nurse or music teacher. She was a fine pianist for a girl of her age. One time while making her childish plans, she said, "Mama, when I get my diploma, I'm going to pick beans." Iola was very affectionate and always kissed her mother good-bye. On her last morning when she kissed her mother she said, "Now, mama, don't worry if I don't come home at noon," and her mother said, "Why do you say that?" She said, "You know I have got to write tests this morning and I might faint away." She then went and picked a bouquet of lilacs and went on to school.
Interment was in the Rose cemetery, East Bath.
J. Emerson Medcoff was born, December 30, 1917, in Lansing, Michigan. His people moved to Bath about 1920.
He was in the fourth grade and was one of the youngest in his grade. Being very active in school he was advanced from kindergarten to the second grade.
He was fond of baseball and all outdoor sports. He spent much time trying to make something that he could get music from. He planned on being a musician or architect.
J. Emerson is buried in the Bath Cemetery.
Katherine Onalee Foote was born May 29, 1917, planned on going through school and becoming a teacher. If her plans had not been brought to an abrupt end by this terrible disaster, she would likely, have been through school very young, as she was in the sixth grade at the age of ten.
Interment was in Bath.
LaVere Robert Harte, born in Bath township, August 26, 1917, was in the fourth grade.
He liked to do most anything, but drawing was his main pastime. This spring he drew pictures and traded them to other children for marbles and playthings. He planned on drawing funnies or something when he grew up. He was always ready and looking forward to Sunday school.
He left besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. LaVere Harte, one little brother, Neal.
Interment was at Bath
Left to right, RUTH and OTTELIA NICKOLS
with his little granddaughter, Betty Smith
Nelson McFarren was killed with Glenn O. Smith, postmaster, and E. E. Huyck, the superintendent, when Kehoe called them to his car and blew it up.
Mr. McFarren was born in Washtenaw county, Michigan, May 25, 1852. He came to Bath with his father, John McFarren, at the age of fifteen and assisted his father in clearing up a homestead. On attaining his majority, however, he left home and started out in life for himself soon afterwards purchasing forty acres. After clearing and building, he purchased a second forty acres which he logged off and soon had under cultivation, one of the best farms in Bath township.
In March, 1883, occurred the marriage of Nelson McFarren and Miss Ada Saxton, a native of Oakland county, Michigan, and a daughter of J. B. Saxton, who was born in New York and came to this state at an early age, establishing his home in Clinton county.
In the family of Mr. and Mrs. McFarren there were born three children, Floyd who died in young manhood and Harry who has been a rural mail carrier out of Bath for thirteen years, except during the World War. He came back without getting wounded, except for being gassed. His daughter, Esther, was the wife of Glenn O. Smith.
Mr. McFarren retired from the farm and moved into Bath village about 1920 where he had resided until he was killed by Kehoe.
He leaves besides the two children, his wife, Mrs. Ada McFarren, and many friends. Burial was in Bath.
Pauline Mae Shirts was born in Midland county, May 19, 1916, where her father ran a filling station until March 10, 1927, when he moved on his farm in Bath township.
Pauline was a very friendly child and made friends with most everyone. Her ambition was to become a teacher. She was always playing school at home.
Burial was in the Bath cemetery.
Robert Bromund, born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was twelve years old.
He was in the fifth grade. Robert did not want to go to school. He would rather have quit this spring and worked on the farm.
Emory E. Huyck, born in Butternut, Michigan, July 3, 1894, graduated from Carson City High School and went some to the Ferris Institute. After spending some time in the army during the World War, he entered the Michigan State College at East Lansing, January, 1919, taking Bachelor's degree and agriculture. Mr. Huyck graduated on June 21, 1922, taking a position as superintendent of the Bath Consolidated School the same summer. He held the job until he was killed, May 18, 1927, by Andrew Kehoe.
She liked to sew and made all her doll clothes. Vivian played the piano well but had planned on being a singer, as she said that playing the piano was too hard work.
She is buried in Rose cemetery in East Bath.
She is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hart, a sister, Elva, and a brother, Perry.
Beatrice Gibbs was born near Holt in Ingham county, May 17, 1917. She was in the fourth grade.
She lay at the point of death for four days. The fifth day X-ray pictures were taken. Both legs were broken in two places, the right leg was badly lacerated, the left arm was broken above the elbow, and the elbow was fractured. There was also a large gash in the back of her head. Casts could not be used on account of so many lacerations, so a frame was arranged over her bed by the physician as shown in the picture. Ropes and weights were used. At first they used thirty-five pounds of lead. As she improved the weights were lessened until she finally only had five pounds. When she came to after the explosion, she says there was a radiator hanging right over her but when Kehoe blew himself up in the street the radiator disappeared. She was ten feet in the debris.
After three months of intense suffering, Beatrice died in the St Lawrence hospital Monday night, August 22, following an operation for the removal of a splinter from her hip. This makes the forty-fifth victim of the Bath school tragedy.
She is survived by her mother and father, Mr. and Mrs. John F. Gibbs, and a little brother who live near Park lake.
Interment was at Chesaning, Michigan.
There were victims who survived this horriffic madness.
|Eva & Flyod Stebleton survived|
|Survivor Dean Sweet SR at after 88 years|
List of the Injured
Barnes, Ruth M.
Braska, AnnaChapman, Earl
Fritz, Mr. F. M.
Gutekunst, Miss Leona, teacher
Gubbins, Miss Eva, teacher
Hobert, Helen E.
Hobert, Ralph R.
Hollister, Carlton F.
Huffman, June Rose
Huffman, Donald J.
Hunter, Florence Edith
King, LesterMatson, Miss Nina, teacher
McCoy, Pauline Mae
Mast, Lee Henry
Perrone, Mrs. J.
Proctor, Earl Fred
Proctor, Ralph Edmund
Reed, Lillian M.
Richardson, Virginia Blanche
Richardson, Martha Harriette
Seeley, Ivan Freemont
Stebleton, Gail Edmund
Sweet, Ava Thelma
Ardis Wilson was eleven years old and in the sixth grade.
She was cut on the back of her head, over one eye and also on her cheek and arm. Her ankles were sprained and her body was bruised. She says she was blown to the ceiling and came down square on her feet. She was writing a test when the blast came.
Ardis is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Wilson, a farmer of Bath township
His scalp and lips were cut, right ankle bone bruised, and he was cut on the forehead. Seven teeth were knocked out. He was in the hospital one week and two days.
Norman lives with his people at Park Lake, goes swimming every day and says he is ready to go back to school.
|Was on top of school building|